There was a family of a father and a mother that gives birth to 9 children in a period not more than 15 years. None of their children was opportune to finish secondary school. Although some didn’t attempt going to school at all. They departed few years after they gave birth to the 9th child and went their separate ways to remarry.
All their female children apart from the last one have started giving birth too, they are so convenient with that life they are used to, because all they know is born.
The cause is not farfetched; it is lack of planning.
Family planning is define as the practice of controlling the number of children one has and the intervals between their births, particularly by means of contraception or voluntary sterilization.
There are different methods of contraception, including:
– Long-acting reversible contraception, such as an implant, or an intra uterine device
– Hormonal contraception such as contraceptive pills – “the pill”, the injection and
– Vaginal ringsbarriers methods, such as condoms and diaphragms
– Fertility awareness
– Emergency contraception
-Permanent contraception, such as vasectomy and tubal ligation.
LONG-ACTING REVERSIBLE CONTRACEPTION
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is a contraceptive that lasts for a long time. You don’t need to remember it every day or even every month.
There are two types of LARC
an intrauterine device (IUD) that lasts five or more yearsan implant under the skin that lasts either three or five years.
These types of contraception last longer so are more effective at preventing pregnancy because you don’t have to worry about forgetting pills or a condom breaking or coming off.
They are “fit and forget” contraception.
“The Pill” is one of the most popular contraceptive methods
The Pill comes in two forms:
combined oral contraceptive pillprogestogen-only contraceptive pill
Both are taken daily and are over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy when taken correctly.
The Depo Provera injection and the vaginal ring are other forms of hormonal contraception. The injection lasts three months and the vaginal ring is changed every month.
Barrier methods stop sperm from entering the vagina. There are three main barrier methods of contraception:
male condomsfemale condomsdiaphragms.
Condoms/pukoro ure protect against sexually transmissible infections (STIs) as well as unwanted pregnancy.
Female condoms are available from our website and in other online shops, and from some pharmacies.
A diaphragm (with spermicide) is inserted into a woman’s vagina before intercourse. It must always be used with spermicide.
Fertility awareness is recognising the signs of fertility in a woman’s menstrual cycle. It can be used to understand your own menstrual cycle, plan a pregnancy or avoid a pregnancy.
Aotearoa New Zealand have two options for emergency contraception – the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) or a copper IUD.
Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy after you have had sex when:
– you haven’t used protection
– your normal contraception fails e.g. condom splits
– you have missed more than one contraceptive pill
– you have been vomiting or had diarrhoea while on the pill
– you have missed your injection
– you have been forced to have sex without contraception.
Permanent contraception is sterilisation that permanently prevents pregnancy. The procedure for men is a vasectomy and for women it is tubal ligation.
IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY PLANNING
Family planning is important for the health of a mother and her children, as well as the family’s economic situation.
According to the United States Agency for International Development, having children more than five years or less than two years apart can cause both a mother and her children serious health consequences. The financial consequence of having children involves the medical costs of pregnancy and birth and the high costs associated with actually bringing up children. Since parents are responsible for providing education, shelter, clothing and food for their children, family planning has an important long-term impact on the financial situation of any family.
As you’ve read this today, talk to someone about the importance of family planning on our women, children, the family and our country at large.